GNU Emacs has built-in Unicode support, and since version 23 it uses UTF-8 as its internal encoding. It is recommended to start Emacs from within a UTF-8 locale which will control the default coding system.
Emacs will normally autodetect the coding system for given text.
In rare cases it may be necessary to tell Emacs that a UTF-8 file is
being opened by prefixing the
C-x C-f or
C-x C-v command
C-x C-m c utf-8 RET. As a diagnostic measure, the coding
system currently in use can be determined with
C-h C RET.
If it is desired to prefer UTF-8 to the regular character set in a non-UTF-8 locale, the following can be used inside of the Emacs startup file:
Files must end with a newline, in order to let tools like
operate properly. To avoid accidental deletions, setting
(setq require-final-newline 'ask) in your startup file will
automatically check for the existence of it and ask you to add one.
Other useful settings can be disabled backup files
(setq make-backup-files nil) and
(setq vc-cvs-stay-local nil)), so you don't clutter CVS
directories and confuse repoman with it (by adding unnecessary entries
into a Manifest file e.g.). Emacs can even contact the outside world
by using the X servers clipboard abilities when yanking, which is
(setq x-select-enable-clipboard t).
For easy editing of ebuilds an Emacs mode has been created, which is
found in the package
It supports ebuilds and eclasses, highlights keywords and also
provides a hook for your own customisation.