The Alpha port uses the
alpha keyword. It focuses upon HP (formerly Compaq
(formerly DEC)) hardware. This covers from
ev4 (known as 21064) through
ev7z (known as 21364a).
All Alpha systems use a pure 64 bit kernel and a pure 64 bit userland.
All Alpha systems support both little and big endian — however, Linux only uses little endian.
It is generally expected that anyone who does keywording for Alpha should be on
alpha@ alias. However the Alpha team is happy if maintainers keyword
their packages when they have access to Alpha hardware, although the team would
like to know about it.
There are six basic Alpha instructions set standards:
ev4was the first Alpha processor of the Alpha family. It featured one integer pipeline and one floating-point pipeline. The
ev45is a modified
ev4with double both Data and Instruction cache (D-Cache and I-Cache respectively); it also featured a division optimization.
ev5is an evolution of the
ev45. The number of pipelines was doubled and the floating-point pipelines run in 9 stages rather than in 10. The
ev5supports 3 cache levels.
ev56added the BWX extension to load/store data in 8 or 16 bit quanta.
pca56added a new set, MVI (Motion Video Instructions), aimed to accelerate video and audio calculations.
ev6supports all extensions supported by the
pca56and a new set, FIX, meant to move data between integer and floating-point registers and for square root.
ev67is an evolution of the
ev6, in addition it supports a new set. CIX adds instructions for counting and finding bits.
-mcpu option is passed to
gcc it defaults to the processor on
which the compiler was built.
-mieee flag should always be used unless you have a deep knowledge
of the Alpha architecture, so the comments on
Not Filtering Variables are
really important on Alpha.
General Position Independent Code policy also applies to Alpha. In fact, Alpha systems complain loudly if you try to link PIC and non-PIC code. Usually this results in errors during the compilation aborting emerge.
The Alpha team can be contacted:
#gentoo-alphaIRC channel on Freenode