CARGO.ECLASS

Section: eclass-manpages (5)
Updated: Jun 2024
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NAME

cargo.eclass - common functions and variables for cargo builds

SUPPORTED EAPIS

8

FUNCTIONS

_cargo_set_crate_uris <crates>
Generates the URIs to put in SRC_URI to help fetch dependencies. Constructs a list of crates from its arguments. If no arguments are provided, it uses the CRATES variable. The value is set as CARGO_CRATE_URIS.
cargo_crate_uris [<crates>...]
Generates the URIs to put in SRC_URI to help fetch dependencies. Constructs a list of crates from its arguments. If no arguments are provided, it uses the CRATES variable.
cargo_gen_config
Generate the $CARGO_HOME/config necessary to use our local registry and settings. Cargo can also be configured through environment variables in addition to the TOML syntax below. For each configuration key below of the form foo.bar the environment variable CARGO_FOO_BAR can also be used to define the value. Environment variables will take precedence over TOML configuration, and currently only integer, boolean, and string keys are supported. For example the build.jobs key can also be defined by CARGO_BUILD_JOBS. Or setting CARGO_TERM_VERBOSE=false in make.conf will make build quieter.
cargo_target_dir
Return the directory within target that contains the build, e.g. target/aarch64-unknown-linux-gnu/release.
cargo_src_unpack
Unpacks the package and the cargo registry.
cargo_live_src_unpack
Runs 'cargo fetch' and vendors downloaded crates for offline use, used in live ebuilds. NOTE: might require passing --frozen to cargo_src_configure if git dependencies are used.
cargo_src_configure
Configure cargo package features and arguments. Extra positional arguments supplied to this function will be passed to cargo in all phases. Make sure all cargo subcommands support flags passed here.

Example of a package that explicitly builds only 'baz' binary and enables 'barfeature' and optional 'foo' feature. It will pass '--features barfeature --features foo --bin baz' in src_{compile,test,install}.

src_configure() {
        local myfeatures=(
                barfeature
                $(usev foo)
        )
        cargo_src_configure --bin baz
}

In some cases crates may need the '--no-default-features' option, as there is no way to disable a single default feature, except disabling all. It can be passed directly to cargo_src_configure.

Some live/9999 ebuild may need the '--frozen' option, if git crates are used. Otherwise src_install phase may query network again and fail.

cargo_src_compile
Build the package using cargo build.
cargo_src_install
Installs the binaries generated by cargo. In come cases workspaces need an alternative --path parameter. Defaults to '--path ./' if no path is specified. '--path ./somedir' can be passed directly to cargo_src_install.
cargo_src_test
Test the package using cargo test.

ECLASS VARIABLES

CRATES (SET BEFORE INHERIT)
Bash string containing all crates that are to be downloaded. It is used by cargo_crate_uris. Typically generated by app-portage/pycargoebuild.

Ideally, crate names and versions should be separated by a `@` character. A legacy syntax using hyphen is also supported but it is much slower.

Example:

CRATES="
metal@1.2.3
bar@4.5.6
iron_oxide@0.0.1
"
inherit cargo
...
SRC_URI="${CARGO_CRATE_URIS}"
GIT_CRATES (SET BEFORE INHERIT)
Bash associative array containing all of the crates that are to be fetched via git. It is used by cargo_crate_uris. If this is defined, then cargo_src_install will add --frozen to "cargo install". The key is a crate name, the value is a semicolon-separated list of:

- the URI to fetch the crate from.
    - This intelligently handles GitHub and GitLab URIs so that
      just the repository path is needed.
    - The string "%commit%" gets replaced with the commit's checksum. - the checksum of the commit to use. - optionally: the path to look for Cargo.toml in.
  - This will also replace the string "%commit%" with the commit's checksum.
  - Defaults to: "${crate}-%commit%"

Example of a simple definition with no path to Cargo.toml:

declare -A GIT_CRATES=(
        [home]="https://github.com/rbtcollins/home;a243ee2fbee6022c57d56f5aa79aefe194eabe53"
)

Example with paths defined:

declare -A GIT_CRATES=(
        [rustpython-common]="https://github.com/RustPython/RustPython;4f38cb68e4a97aeea9eb19673803a0bd5f655383;RustPython-%commit%/common"
        [rustpython-parser]="https://github.com/RustPython/RustPython;4f38cb68e4a97aeea9eb19673803a0bd5f655383;RustPython-%commit%/compiler/parser"
)
CARGO_OPTIONAL (SET BEFORE INHERIT)
If set to a non-null value, the part of the ebuild before "inherit cargo" will be considered optional. No dependencies will be added and no phase functions will be exported.

If you enable CARGO_OPTIONAL, you have to set BDEPEND on virtual/rust for your package and call at least cargo_gen_config manually before using other src_functions of this eclass. Note that cargo_gen_config is automatically called by cargo_src_unpack.

myfeatures
Optional cargo features defined as bash array. Should be defined before calling cargo_src_configure.

Example of a package that has x11 and wayland features and disables default features.

src_configure() {
        local myfeatures=(
                $(usex X x11 '')
                $(usev wayland)
        )
        cargo_src_configure --no-default-features
}
ECARGO_REGISTRY_DIR (USER VARIABLE)
Storage directory for cargo registry. Used by cargo_live_src_unpack to cache downloads. This is intended to be set by users. Ebuilds must not set it.

Defaults to "${DISTDIR}/cargo-registry" if not set.

ECARGO_OFFLINE (USER VARIABLE)
If non-empty, this variable prevents online operations in cargo_live_src_unpack. Inherits value of EVCS_OFFLINE if not set explicitly.
EVCS_UMASK (USER VARIABLE)
Set this variable to a custom umask. This is intended to be set by users. By setting this to something like 002, it can make life easier for people who use cargo in a home directory, but are in the portage group, and then switch over to building with FEATURES=userpriv. Or vice-versa.
CARGO_CRATE_URIS (GENERATED BY ECLASS)
List of URIs to put in SRC_URI created from CRATES variable.

AUTHORS

Doug Goldstein <cardoe@gentoo.org>
Georgy Yakovlev <gyakovlev@gentoo.org>

MAINTAINERS

rust@gentoo.org

REPORTING BUGS

Please report bugs via https://bugs.gentoo.org/

FILES

cargo.eclass

SEE ALSO

ebuild(5)
https://gitweb.gentoo.org/repo/gentoo.git/log/eclass/cargo.eclass


Index

NAME
SUPPORTED EAPIS
FUNCTIONS
ECLASS VARIABLES
AUTHORS
MAINTAINERS
REPORTING BUGS
FILES
SEE ALSO

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Time: 03:27:02 GMT, June 23, 2024