Portage can look in multiple places for packages by using an overlay. The
locations of overlays are controlled by the
PORTDIR_OVERLAY variable, which
should contain a space-separated list of paths.
The overlay should contain the same directory structure as
only the necessary directories need be included). For example, a simple overlay
might have a directory structure like:
overlay |-- dev-util `-- gengetopt |-- Manifest |-- files | `-- gengetopt-2.13-foobar.patch `-- gengetopt-2.13.ebuild
An overlay can be used to 'add' items to the tree (although you must ensure that
/etc/portage/categories is used if any new categories are added) or to
override existing entries.
Be very careful when using eclasses in an overlay. Portage will not do cache
updates when an overlay eclass is changed, nor will it do cache updates when a
main Gentoo repository eclass which is used by an overlay ebuild changes. You may
also encounter bogus 'illegal inherit' notices when working with eclasses in
an overlay (see QA Notice -- ECLASS foo inherited illegally).
To be safe, manually
touch all relevant overlay files after updating overlay